Wednesday, 31 January 2018

Medical image Fusion using PCA, DWT, PCA + DWT (Dicom Format)

Medical image Processing gain much importance in today's era. Here we are posting Mediacal image Fusion in DICOM format.

IMAGE FUSION:
Image Fusion is a process of combining the relevant information from a set of images of the same scene into a single image and the resultant fused image will be more informative and complete than any of the input images.
Input images could be multi sensor, multimodal, multi focus or multi temporal. There are some important requirements for the image fusion process:

- The fused image should preserve all relevant information from the input images
- The image fusion should not introduce artifacts which can lead to a wrong diagnosis
One of the important pre-processing steps for the fusion process is image registration. Image registration is the process of transforming different sets of data into one coordinate system. Image fusion find application in the area of navigation guidance, object detection and recognition, medical diagnosis, satellite imaging for remote sensing, military and civilian surveillance, etc. Image fusion algorithms can be categorized into different levels: pixel, feature, and decision levels. Pixel level fusion works directly on the pixels of source images while feature level fusion algorithms operate on features extracted from the source images.

PCA (Principal Component Analysis) Based Image Fusion:
Principal Component Analysis is a sub space method, which reduces the multidimensional data sets into lower dimensions for analysis. This method determines the weights for each source. Image using the eigenvector corresponding to the largest Eigen value of the covariance matrix of each source image.

Discrete Wavelet Transform Method:

 Wavelet transforms are multi-resolution image decomposition tool that provide a variety of channels representing the image feature by different frequency sub bands at multi-scale. It is a famous technique in analyzing signals. When decomposition is performed, the approximation and detail component can be separated 2-D Discrete Wavelet Transformation (DWT) converts the image from the spatial domain to frequency domain. The image is divided by vertical and horizontal lines and represents the first-order of DWT, and the image can be separated with four parts those are LL1, LH1, HL1 and HH1.

Fig: GUI Before RUN

Fig: GUI After RUN

Youtube Video

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